Assess and respond to medical emergencies
This unit describes the performance outcomes, skills and knowledge required to clinically assess emergency presentations, provide emergency care, and to monitor the client’s condition until the situation is stabilised or the client is transferred to the care of other medical services. Assessment and treatment may take place in a health service or in other locations such as accident sites and clients’ homes. Medical emergencies may also involve multiple casualties.
This unit is specific to Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people working as health practitioners. They work as part of a multidisciplinary primary health care team to provide primary health care services to Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander clients.
No regulatory requirement for certification, occupational or business licensing is linked to this unit at the time of publication. For information about practitioner registration and accredited courses of study, contact the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Practice Board of Australia (ATSIHPBA).
Emergency and Disaster Response
Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander Health
Elements describe the essential outcomes
Performance criteria describe the performance needed to demonstrate achievement of the element.
- Make clinical assessment of emergency presentation.
- Seek information from client or accompanying carers about reason for emergency presentation using culturally safe communication.
- Access and refer to any existing client records to inform clinical assessment.
- Complete primary survey of client in correct sequence based on presenting condition according to standard treatment protocols or emergency procedures used by the organisation.
- Identify the need for immediate assistance from emergency services and follow organisational procedures to access services.
- Complete secondary survey of client’s clinical status according to standard treatment protocols or emergency procedures used by the organisation.
- Create or complete client records to include accurate and complete details of emergency presentation.
- Identify potential for client deterioration and critical time factors based on outcomes of primary and secondary survey.
- Establish own capacity to provide treatment and take steps to organise assistance from other health professionals when need is indicated.
- Implement medical emergency care.
- Administer emergency clinical treatments for presenting condition according to scope of practice, standard treatment protocols or emergency procedures used by the organisation.
- Follow instructions from others when assistance has been sought for the treatment of the medical emergency.
- Select and use medical equipment suited to purpose of emergency treatment and according to manufacturer’s specifications.
- Provide client and accompanying carers with clear information about treatment being provided and its rationale and confirm understanding.
- Seek informed consent when condition allows and explain what this means.
- Update client records accurately and according to organisational procedures.
- Monitor and report client clinical status.
- Continuously observe client and identify changes or deterioration in clinical condition that may indicate the need for further or changed treatment.
- Adjust clinical treatments in response to monitoring according to scope of practice, standard treatment protocols or emergency procedures used by the organisation.
- Maintain continuity of care until emergency presentation is stabilised or clinical handover to other medical service is completed.
- Convey accurate and complete information about the emergency presentation and response provided to individuals involved in the client’s ongoing care.
Foundation skills essential to performance in this unit, but not explicit in the performance criteria are listed here, along with a brief context statement.
Reading skills to:
- interpret sometimes complex and unfamiliar standard treatment protocols involving medical terminology and abbreviations.
Writing skills to:
- use fundamental sentence structure, health terminology and abbreviations to complete forms and reports that require factual information.
Oral communication skills to:
- provide unambiguous information to clients using plain language and terms easily understood
- ask open and closed probe questions and actively listen during community and stakeholder interactions.
Numeracy skills to:
- interpret sometimes complex medical numerical data and abbreviations in standard treatment protocols and client records
- take and record accurate measurements involving pressures, rates and degrees.
Technology skills to:
- select and use medical equipment for presenting emergencies.
UNIT MAPPING INFORMATION
No equivalent unit.
For details, refer to the full mapping table in the Draft 2 Validation Guide.
Companion Volume Implementation Guide