Public Sector - Draft 2

PSPRAD001 Work safely in a radiation environment_validation

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Unit application and prerequisites

UNIT CODE

PSPRAD001

UNIT TITLE

Work safely in a radiation environment

APPLICATION

This unit describes the performance outcomes, skills and knowledge required to apply radiation protection and work safety measures when working in an environment where sources of ionising radiation are present.

 

This unit applies to personnel who directly handle, or come in direct contact with, radioactive materials in the mining and mineral processing industry sector and who may receive occupational exposures of greater than 1 millisievert per annum.

 

These personnel include drillers, miners, loader operators, plant operators, and samplers/testers, laboratory workers, operating theatre staff, contractors, sales and service engineers, who may:

  • undertake exploration surveys of radioactive ore bodies
  • extract, mill, process or pack radioactive ores, concentrates or mineral products
  • manage radioactive by-products, contaminants and/or waste
  • rehabilitate mine sites
  • undertake laboratory testing
  • undertake cabinet x-rays
  • service ionising radiation equipment
  • work in a nuclear facility.

 

Those undertaking this unit would work under direct supervision performing routine tasks, in a familiar context.

 

The skills in this unit must be applied in accordance with Commonwealth and State or Territory legislation, Australian standards and industry codes of practice.

No occupational licensing, certification or specific legislative or certificate requirements apply to this unit at the time of publication.

PREREQUISITE UNIT

Nil

COMPETENCY FIELD

Radiation Safety

UNIT SECTOR

 

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Elements and performance criteria

ELEMENTS

PERFORMANCE CRITERIA

Elements describe the essential outcomes

Performance criteria describe the performance needed to demonstrate achievement of the element.

  1. Complete site safety induction
    1. Participate in required radiation protection and site safety training.
    2. Confirm contact details for personnel who can provide emergency and radiation protection and safety information.
  1. Recognise site radiation hazards and degree of risk
    1. Apply information about the nature and magnitude of radiation hazards and degree of risk associated with work activities at the site.
    2. Apply information about exposure pathways and health effects of radiation exposure.
    3. Apply information about occupational dose limits.
    4. Recognise possible sources of personal contamination and implement recommended decontamination procedures.
    5. Identify hazards and risks in work area prior to starting work, at regular intervals during work, and in response to changes in working conditions.
    6. Recognise and report non-routine hazards, unusual situations, and potential or actual emergency incidents.
  1. Follow procedures for controlling radiation hazards
    1. Implement instructions based on radiation protection principles during assigned work.
    2. Apply specified safe working rules, and use required personal protective equipment (PPE) and personal monitoring during assigned work tasks.
    3. Comply with all site safety signs.
    4. Observe required standards of personal hygiene and behaviour while on site.
    5. Seek advice or instructions to deal with any situation beyond own technical competence.
    6. Apply specified procedures to decontaminate work surfaces and/or personnel as necessary.
    7. Implement instructions for managing contaminated waste produced during assigned tasks.
    8. Advise employer of previous employment involving occupational exposure to radiation and cooperate in obtaining records of previous exposure.
    9. Complete required records and reporting.
  1. Follow workplace emergency response procedures
    1. Review information about workplace emergency response procedures and personal responsibilities in the event of a radiation incident.
    2. Recognise emergency alarms, move to the designated muster point, and follow instructions.
  1. Report problems
    1. Recognise and report defects in plant equipment and procedures that may compromise radiation protection and safety or radiation protection safety standards, codes and guidelines.

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Foundation skills

FOUNDATION SKILLS

Foundation skills essential to performance in this unit, but not explicit in the performance criteria are listed here, along with a brief context statement.

SKILLS

DESCRIPTION

Reading skills to:

  • read safety information and signs.

Writing skills to:

  • complete records.

Initiative and enterprise skills to:

  • regularly assess and reassess risks and hazards and apply required control measures.

Self-management skills to:

  • comply with all safety requirements

UNIT MAPPING INFORMATION

Release 1: This unit supersedes and is equivalent to PSPRAD001 Work safely in a radiation environment.

LINKS

Companion Volume Implementation Guide

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Performance evidence

TITLE

Assessment Requirements for PSPRAD001 Work safely in a radiation environment

PERFORMANCE EVIDENCE

Evidence of the ability to complete tasks outlined in elements and performance criteria of this unit in the context of the job role, and on at least one occasion:

  • follow required radiation protection and safety procedures
  • follow radiation safety signs
  • recognise dose limits
  • use and care for PPE and personal monitoring equipment that has been issued for assigned work tasks
  • respond correctly when encountering contaminated work surfaces and personnel.

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Knowledge evidence

KNOWLEDGE EVIDENCE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Demonstrated knowledge required to complete the tasks outlined in elements and performance criteria of this unit:

  • responsibilities of employers and employees under:
    • relevant Commonwealth guidelines
    • State or Territory legislation and local regulations and by-laws
    • duty of care obligations
  • radioactive decay, radioactive material, ionising radiation, shielding, safe distance, contamination, contamination controls, decontamination
  • types and properties of ionising radiation
  • relevant occupational dose limits
  • sources of hazardous radiation around the site and degree of risk of exposure or contamination
  • internal and external exposure pathways and protective measures
  • radiation health effects
  • location of controlled or supervised areas within the site
  • layers of protection:
    • avoiding exposure, where practicable
    • isolating sources of radiation where practicable through shielding, containment and remote handling techniques
    • engineering controls
    • adopting safe work practices, including work methods which make appropriate use of time, distance and shielding to minimise exposure
    • using approved PPE where other means of controlling exposure are not practicable
  • personal hygiene requirements, and effects and implications of risky behaviours
  • safe working rules and safe operating procedures for equipment
  • safety signs relevant to assigned tasks
  • use and care of PPE and personal monitors for assigned tasks.

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Assessment conditions

ASSESSMENT CONDITIONS

Skills must be demonstrated in either:

  • a workplace environment or
  • a simulated environment.

 

Simulated assessment environments must simulate the real-life working environment where the skills and knowledge within this unit would be utilised, with all the relevant equipment and resources of that working environment.

 

Assessment must ensure access to:

  • organisation's radiation management plan and health and safety procedures
  • Commonwealth codes of practice and standards
  • local, State and Territory regulations
  • supervision by a radiation safety professional (depending on radiation sources present)
  • appropriate PPE and personal monitoring equipment
  • organisation's radiation management plan or standard operating procedures.
  •  

Assessors must satisfy the Standards for Registered Training Organisations’ requirements for assessors.

LINKS

Companion Volume Implementation Guide

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